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The role of money

In the modern world, money plays one of the key roles, as basically in order to possess anything, a person exchanges his time and knowledge for money. While some people waste their possessions immediately, others save them up for future bigger purchases. Personally speaking, I believe that keeping a certain line of needs and wasting money on something much more influential, than seafood in a cafe is the only way.

Firstly, each and every is able to be cognizant of their priorities. Nowadays, with a capitalistic approach in almost every country, people have opportunities to open their businesses, and work for solid companies online, moreover with a creative way of thinking person is even able to invent his own new profession. For instance, technological development brought us to the point of artificial intellect, consequently with new high-tech comes new high-tech professions. Forty years ago, no one could even think to create an online currency that would provide stability and security for the user, nonetheless, people adapted and started to earn money from that, which they could invest into something new in the future. That is why the ability to collect money is essential since money must be active in order to have a profit.

Secondly, social status, regardless of intelligence, a person may possess social acceptance with the money in possession, despite that with tremendous rapidity one can lose everything, therefore the ability to anticipate future obstacles may be vastly crucial. One example of that is one of the most important economical disasters in Wolve street, during the Great Depression, people were in a miserable position, once a millionaire, after those events people were announcing their bankruptcy one after another. Terrible events, even so the great example of how to persevere issues with durability, not with luxury. 

In conclusion, I want to say that money savings, as well as economic acknowledge, is an ability and as any ability it can be learned, therefore personally I choose a stable future, instead of momentary pleasure.

Problems affecting our society

Nowadays society is the most divided one in the history of human beings, accordingly, the problems are divided as well. However, the main obstacles that people can not penetrate through are ecological, social, and technical. Some people discuss that the solution to those problems could be found within our century. In my opinion, people should concentrate on a few main problems and create a basis for solutions, so future generations would be easier to continue the way to a brighter future. 

To begin with, ecological complications are excessively crucial nowadays as people play with the most dangerous enemy, nature. As far as people abusing nature in order to possess some goods, nature would take its own steps and clearly show that everything has its solid consequences. For instance, global warming is an impact of steps by humanity against nature, but for the benefit of it. Consequently, the impact is a colossal, tsunami, level of sea and ocean water, are only the beginning of the list. Even if people start to obligate companies and organizations for overuse of natural materials, the thousands and millions of years of damage cannot be fixed even in two centuries. Nevertheless, our generation should begin to collect information and make a feasible plan of reconstruction of the connection between humans and nature.

Second, social and technological division, as capitalism is the place of individuals, corruption is here as well. So the poorer countries are filled with the high class and working class who are against each other. For instance, in my own country, which was part of the USSR, like the other third world countries, people are culturally degraded, so the government is able to control the feelings and thoughts of the society. In addition to the development of high-technologies, people’s thoughts are injected with an unlimited amount of dopamine, so people’s attention is concentrated not on social problems, but the amount of pleasure they reach over the day. Personally, I believe that both social and technological issues could be fixed within our lifespan. 

In conclusion, my hopes and thoughts are directed to the future where everyone feels comfortable, but I consider that utopias are not possible, but the belief of achieving it one day can help us move forward.

Original books or their adaptation?

Since the dawn of time movies and books were strongly related to each other, as the film industry has a much smaller history, the adaptation of written stories is always a fine decision to collect the audience even without marketing. Nevertheless, the public faces one common obstacle, to reading the adapted before or after the movie. In my personal opinion, the choice should depend on the purposes of the person, however, I prefer to watch movies, before reading books.

To begin with, nowadays people try to grasp information as fast as possible, therefore mostly films became entertainment instruments to waste time on something that wouldn’t be scratchy. While books still have their own solid audience, the amounts are incomparable, so to tell the story to the hugger public, a movie would be the best option. One example of that is the popularity of “Harry Potter” and how the movie adaptation brought colossal quantities of book readers, who may be enjoyed the original even more, with the all-new details. Accordingly, movies may not only create their own big fan base but also help book writers with the sells. 

Secondly, the time has elapsed, so as audience preferences while the older generation would prefer to read a book, the younger generation undoubtedly spends more time on their phones, consequently, the most visible difference between films and books is a visualization and how through the clip person possesses the story. As a result, people take a story that visualization through the video in a limited amount of time, rather than a more slowly temped book, which requires time for a detailed story.

In conclusion, I want to say that a person must read and watch as the experiences are both unique and may give a colossal effect on a person. However, in the time of less free time and due to the reasons above I personally prefer films instead of books.

Many kinds of music and their impact on us.

In today’s world, art in any form is entirely integrated into the lives of modest people, therefore it’s divided into various divisions, and subcultures and those approaches each had their own notions and fan bases. Accordingly, there is always a debate between followers of those approaches which is better, mostly the question is “ Does more cultural and academic classical music outcome the pop music of nowadays world ?”. In my opinion, both of them can either be subjectively worth listening to or not, nevertheless, there are some factors that show how much impact has been done and maybe will do the song. I personally prefer to listen to everything that I like, despite genre or fan base.

To begin with, the undoubtedly outstanding impact on the basics of music that the classic genre has done overtime must not be neglected, as popular music nowadays wouldn’t be the same, if classic music would disappear. In addition, most of today’s music is just a simplified version of their ancestors. One example of that is a popular song by “Beatles”, which is the basis of one of Bach’s music. Therefore, classical music had a much bigger impact on our days than pop music. As a result, today’s world wouldn’t be the same if people had no background in music theory. 

Secondly, all of us are able to grasp the reason that some pop authors are distinguished. Because there are many reasons and options, researchers had revealed the criteria of an attractive song for a general audience. As long as people want something energetic and driving, many artists would be beloved, however, in the probable future, their impact would be less meaningful and powerful, as the classical music producers. In addition, there are 3 basics of perfect music, in my opinion. First is the theoretically pleasurable sound that a person unconsciously satisfies. The second factors are the words and meaning of a text, which can imply some metaphorical comparisons and declare social problems. Last but not least is the context of the time in which the song was produced, hence the song becomes a part of people’s common notions,  even without the agreement of an author. For instance, the song of Viktor Tsoi “ Changes ” was used as an anthem of the working class to start the reforms in order to get a more liberal government. Despite the fact that Tsoi didn’t imply the precise reforms in the USSR, its popularity and context in which it was produced into the brand new appropriation. So in order to possess an ideal song, all of those three aspects must be in harmony, in spite of the fact that classical music isn’t able to build that harmony, pop music can and is becoming more influential. 

In conclusion, I want to say that personages must analyze needs by their own benefits and requirements, thus both classical and pop music has their own cons and pros. I personally mix every kind of music in order to get the most possible impact on my mind.

Հաշվետվությանդ

Արդեն անձաց տարին անցել էր շատ պրոդուկտիվ, չնայաց այն որ առաջին կիսամյակը իմ մոտ եղել էին առողջական խնդիրներ, բայց դե պատրաստովում ենք մեր համալսարական կյանքին։

Հայոց լեզու։ Հայ մեծերը 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9;

Օտար լեզու; էսսե 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11;

Այս տարին ամեն մի սովորողի համար իր ձեվով կարևոր է, շատերը նոր քայլեն անում դեպի շատ անհասկանալի ապագա, շատերի համար դժվար, քչերի համար հեշտ: Ժամանակը թռչում է շատ արագ, հատկապես այս դպրոցում, մենք դեռ պետք է անենք վերջին քայլը՝ նոր հնարավորությունների հայտ բերելու համար: Շնորհավորում եմ բոլորի Ամանորը և ցանկանում եմ, որ սաղ ժպիտով հեռանան այս դպրոցից։

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  In my country, young people have a better life today than their parens enjoyed when they were young. 

Time is the most stable currency throughout history, nevertheless, the milieu around it transforms drastically. Nowadays, my country is in a vulnerable position, since the unceasable war has been taking souls and ceasing the economy. Generation after generation, those circumstances did a huge impact on both the mental and physical conditions of the population. Younger people in either our and former generation had faced many obstacles, nonetheless, I consider that today, the country has more durable approach, than 30 years before.

First of all, a glance in the history of the country would show that after more than half of the decade in hands of other systems, it became independent. The rules were shifting day by day, each and every could break the law, as the law wasn’t merely developed. For instance, many manufactories at the end of the twentieth century were robed and sold, without the permission of any worker. The electricity and supply of water were in deficit, the country was in its lowest point. Young adults today have access to learn and improve their knowledge, as society brought tools to search for those people who are built differently.

Secondly, the lawless community had an impact on the life of everyone, regardless of status or amount of money on the bank accounts. Businessmen were abducting and shaping schemes to change the currency, as inflation was fluctuating. This brought the criminal bands to rise and build the whole sub-culture, which has had a distinct impact till nowadays, however back then, people were murdering each other, due to some fiction rules. In today’s condition, the western influence is somehow overcoming, the eastern, therefore the society is more diverse. 

In conclusion, I want to say that the last generation went through huge changes. Individuals tried to fit into the new rules, accordingly, people weren’t able to form a society in which the law had a voice, while today people may hold more chances to move into other countries to share with the knowledge. 

Essay ։  Some people like to spend their money as soon as they earn it, while others think it is better to save their money for some time in the future. Which do you prefer?

In modern world, money plays one of the key roles, as basically in order to possess anything, person exchange his time and knowledge for money. While some people waste their possessions immediately, others save them up for future bigger purchases. Personally speaking, I believe that keeping a certain line of needs and wasting money on something much more influential, than seafood in restoran is the only way.

Firstly, each and every is able to be cognizant of their priorities. Nowadays, with a capitalistic approaches in almost every country, people have opportunities to open their buisneses, work for a solid companies online, moreover with creative way of thinking person is even able to invent his own new profession. For instance, the technological development brought us to the point of artifical intellect, consequently with new high-tech comes new high-tech professions. Forty years ago, no one could even think to create an online curency that would provide stability and security for the user, nonetheless people adapted and started to earn money from that, which they could invest into something new in the future.That is why the ability to collect money is an essential,sicne money must be active in order to have a profit.

Secondly,social status, regardless to the intelligence, person may possess social acceptance with the money in possesion, despite that with tremandous rapidity one can loose everything, therefore the ability to anticipate the future obstacles, may be vastly crucial. One example of that is one of the most important economical disaster in Wolve street, during the Great depression, people were in miserable position, once a millionaires, after those events people were announcing their bankruptcy one after another. Terrible events, even so the great example of how to persevere issues with durability, not with luxury. 

In conclusion I want to say that money savings, as well as economical acknowledge is an ability and as any ability its can be learnt, therefore personally I choose a stable future, instead of momental pleasure.

Multiple choice essay:

Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what type of neighbor is the best to have?

  •  someone who is quiet 
  •  someone who we are similar to 
  •  someone who is supportive 

In the modern world the status of neighbor has radically changed, many people sometimes don’t even know their neighbour’s faces. Even so, the characteristics of an excellent neighbor aren’t written down, nonetheless, the typical way that some people behave in this role may disturb others. In my personal opinion, neither a one who is acting like a ghost, none the one we can compare ourselves to, aren’t as good as a person who would cover your back in any situation.

To begin with, many situations throughout our ordinary life may contribute to terrible consequences and having a supportive neighbor may not only drive us away from those accidents but also create a fantastic friendship.For instance, forgetting keys are the most common scenario for young adults, who are busy with their work lives, therefore if our neighbor is invisible or doesn’t want to take responsibility for our keys, this accident may create a domino effect and lend into something bigger, than one lost key. The awful consequences is not something one would want, but if the neighbor is kind enough to take responsibility for your keys and have a duplicate, the whole event may be demolished within the seconds. 

Secondly, neighbor is a role that contains many others stereotypical behaviour, even so people sometimes may not realize, we subconsciously act like a typical role and say typical words in order to not be penalized for our misbehaviour. One example of that is being quit by ourselves. Day by day we walk out of our house, cheer up the neighbor we see towards us and disappear on the way to the job. Keeping distance creates a hole between the neighbor, our unwillingness to continue a dialogue and push an initiation to have a couple of tea together after a working day, may lend into making first steps on the way of neighbour relationships.

In conclusion, I want to say that a stereotypical behaviour wouldn’t help in a situation of socializing and maybe the most common, but truly best advice is just being yourself and passionate enough to find a common connection with people, because sometimes we may not realize how good people are without taking a deeper glance.

Essay : My lifestyle is easier and more comfortable than the one my grandparents experienced when they were young. Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

Through the history, there were generations who lived worse than others, due to wars, economical disasters and dictators in control of countries. Each generation has its own unique way of approaching the life, nonetheless some people claim that my generation is living brighter life and feeling more comfortable, than the generation of babyboomers.In my personal opinion, as the technologies is simplifying the routine, our ordinar life has been better, however the main problems are the same and humanity has been dealing with it for centuries now.

To begin with, almost ninety percent of world population have smarthphones, people are urbanized and technologies reached almost every point on the earth. The technological and scientific researches of twentieth centuary have done much to achieve it. For instance, one of the vastest experimenter and reasercher named Nikola Tesla, was the one who desighned the first prototypes of global internet. Nowadays we live in the world where the technologies are advancing in a very slow rate and mostly inventing more comfort for consumers, however, back in the day the teenagers lived the life of after-war period where they had to work hard and create the milieu for the future generations.

Secondly, as the capitalism has won the race for the most used political view, the companies has been adjusting to the castomers and therefore everything is transforming to the easier form, accordingly the castomer is living more in comfort, than the genaration in the mid 50-s. One example of that is the total toleration of population in the most developed countries, hence everyone started caring about how to not touch the feelings of others and as it evolved everything became more radical. In today’s world there are distingiushed list of words and behavior which may bring a person into some obligations, while the generation before were working to invest in the future.

In conclusion I want to say that despite the comfort and technological development in order to possess bright future, person must think how to overcome the obstacles and push himself forward.

Շիրվանզադե և Պարոնյան

Հակոբ Պարոնյան

Հակոբ Պարոնյանը նախնական կրթությունն ստացել է ծննդավայրի Արշակունյաց վարժարանում, 1857 թ-ին ընդունվել է տեղի հունական դպրոցը, սակայն ուսումը կիսատ է թողել: Աշխատել է տարբեր հիմնարկներում, 1863 թ-ին գրական հետաքրքրությունների մղումով մեկնել է Կոստանդնուպոլիս, որտեղ ծանոթացել է Հարություն Սվաճյանի հետ, թղթակցել նրա խմբագրած «Մեղու» հանդեսին: 1868–70 թթ-ին աշխատել է Ադրիանապոլսում՝ եղբոր առևտրական գրասենյակում, այնուհետև վերադարձել է Կոստանդնուպոլիս, դասավանդել է նախ Մեզպուրյան վարժարանում, ապա՝ Սկյուտարի ճեմարանում:

 Նա հայ ռեալիզմի վառ ներկայացուցիչներից մեկն է։Պարոնյանը թեմաների մեծամասնությունն ընտրում էր Ստամբուլի բուրժուական կյանքից. ժողովրդի հանդեպ նրա սերը աղաների մտածելակերպի և և նրանց ներկայացնող ազդեցիկ անձանց դեմ խիստ հարձակումների առիթ է դարձել: Պարոնյանը տանել չէր կարողանում անիրավությունը և դասակարգային իշխանություը, այս պատճառով թե մասնագիտական և թե անձնական կյանքում ենթարկվելով էր ճնշումների, ուժասպառ եղավ: Պարոնյանը լեզվի պարզեցման ուղղությամբ մեծ աշխատանք կատարեց. նա ժողովրդին հասկանալի լեզվի օգտագործման ջատագովներից է եղել, հայերենից բացի` պատմվածքներ է գրել նաև օսմաներեն կամ օսմաներեն-հայերեն խառը լեզվով:Առաջին ստեղծագործությունը «Երկու տիրոջ ծառան» է, որը, սակայն, չի հրապարակվել:

Պարոնյանը, հարուստներին նվաստացնելով, դիմակները հանելով, նրանց դրել է ծիծաղելի վիճակում: «Պտույտ մը Պոլսո թաղերուն մեջ» ստեղձծագործության մեջ պատմում է Ստամբուլի մեծ ու փոքր երեսունչորս թաղամասերի համայնքի կյանքի մասին, քննադատում է տղամարդկանց, մասնագիտությունները, ռաքի խմելու ձևը, կանանց, մոդայամոլությունը, նուրբ քննադատություններով ներկայացնում է բամբասանքները, փողոցների կարգ ու կանոնը, ըստ թաղամասերի ժողովրդի ունեցվածքի մակարդակը, կրոնավորներին, դպրոցները, եկեղեցիները, առևտրականները, ձկնորսներին, գինետները, զվարճանքի վայրերը, շոգենավերը և այլն:

Շիրվանզադե

Ալեքսանդր Շիրվանզադեն (իսկական ազգանունը՝ Մովսիսյան) սովորել է Շամախիի հայոց թեմական և ռուսական գավառական երկդասյան դպրոցներում: Հոր անսպասելի սնանկացման պատճառով պատանին ստիպված թողել է ուսումը և աշխատել: 

1878 թ.-ից Շիրվանզադեն թղթակցել է հայկական և ռուսական մամուլին, կատարել գրական առաջին փորձերը: 1883թ. տեղափոխվել է Թիֆլիս: Նույն թվականին «Մշակ» թերթում տպագրվել է նրա առաջին գեղարվեստական ստեղծագործությունը՝ «Հրդեհ նավթագործարանում» պատմվածքը, այնուհետև «Գործակատարի հիշատակարանից» վիպակը:

1884թ. «Արձագանք» շաբաթաթերթում լույս է տեսել «Խնամատար» վիպակը, 1885թ.՝ «Նամուս» վեպը, որով և հայտնի է դարձել: Վեպում նա պատկերել է գավառական քաղաքի սոցիալ-հոգեբանական մթնոլորտը և հետամնաց միջավայրը, որին զոհ են գնում հերոսները:

Ալեքսանդր  Շիրվանզադեի ստեղծագործությունը հայ ռեալիստական գրականության բարձր նվաճումներից է , այն նոր շրջան է սկզբնավորել հայ գեղարվեստական մտածողության, դրամատուրգիայի պատմության մեջ : Շիրվանզադեն օժտված էր  հասարակական կյանքը ամբողջությամբ պատկերելու ձիրքով :Բացառիկ է Շիրվանզադեի դերը XX դարի սկզբի հայ դրամատուրգիայի և թատրոնի պատմության մեջ: Հանդես է եկել Պետրոս Ադամյանի, Սիրանույշի, Հովհաննես Աբելյանի և ուրիշների մասին հոդվածներով, գրել է «Մելանիա» , «Արտիստը» վիպակները, «Վարդան Ահրումյան» վեպի առաջին մասը,  դրամատիկական գործեր՝ «Եվգինե», «Ունե՞ր իրավունք», «Պատվի համար» : Նա իրական կյանքն էր պատկերում իր արատներով , վարք ու բարքով :

Շիրվանզադեի ռեալիստական արվեստը աչքի է ընկնում հենց նրանով , որ ցույց է տալիս թերությունները , մարդկային ոգու փոքրությունը , գրողը ցանկանում է այդ կյանքը տանել դեպի իդեալականացման : Շիրվանզադեի արվեստը ձգտում է իդելաին, փորձում է հաղթահարել ներկա կյանքի տգեղությունը :

Շիրվանզադեի ռեալիզմի բնույթը , նրա էական հատկանիշը բացասական երևույթների քննադատության մեջ է : Օրինակ , հայ գավառական իրականությունը նրա մոտ դուրս է բերված որպես մի անծայրածիր խավարի մի իշխանություն : Հեղինակի մոտ քննադատական ռեալիզմը ըստ էության սոցիալական հիմքեր ունի : Ինչպես նկատել է Մ. Գորկին , թե փոքր տաղանդներն են փառաբանել բուրժուազիային , իսկ մեծերը միայն քննադատել են : Շիրվանզադեն գտնվում է մեծերի շարքում :

Շիրվանզադեն իր ստեղծագործությունների մեջ պատկերում է հայ իրականությունը , որքան էլ հայ կյանքը և գրականությունը առաջ գնալու լիներ , այնուամենայնիվ մեծ դեր են ունեցել նաև Շիրվանզադեի այնպիսի գլուխգործոսները , ինչպես , օրինակ <<Քաոս>> վեպը  , << Պատվի համար >> դրաման : Նշանավոր գործեր են նաև <<Նամուս >> վեպը և  <<Արտիստը>> :

 Ռեալիզմն իր բովանդակությամբ շատ ավելի համապարփակ է այն կապված է իրականության արտացոլման հետ : Շիրվանզադեն միշտ ձգտել է արտացոլել դարաշրջանի աչքի ընկնող  հակասությունները : Նա առանձնակի ուշադրություն է դարձրել մտավորականության և հասարակության խնդիրներին :

Շիրվանզադեի ստեղծագործությունները մեծ ազդեցություն են թողել հայ գրականության վրա : Նա մեծ ուսուցիչ է տիպեր ու կոնֆլիկտներ ստեղծելու ՝ կյանքը իր բոլոր կողմերով նկարագրելու արվեստով և չափի զգացումով :